Wet Processing Flowchart description is briefly described below:
Wet Processing FlowChart Description-Inspection of gray cloth:
After weaving the cloth in it, it is examined in the inspection table. Defective fabrics are selected by excluding defective fabrics.
Wet Processing FlowChart Description-Stitching:
The fabric obtained from the loom does not have much longer. This fabric is paired for the convenience of wet processing. Stitching is the process of attaching a piece of cloth along the width of another cloth. As a result, the fabric is very long.
All the dust, sand, and other impurities on the cloth obtained from the loom are removed by brushing.
Shearing & Cropping:
The surface of the fabric obtained from the loom has loose yarn and pulled yarn. Shearing and cropping is the process of cutting them off with the help of scissors or blades.
Singeing is the process of burning all the projecting fibers, hairy fibers, and yarns on the surface of the cloth. The resulting fabric is smooth, even, and clean. In addition, the brightness of the fabric also increases a bit.
The sterilizing substance used in the yarn drawn during sizing is the chemical process by which it is removed. This increases the absorbency capacity of the fabric. This saves processing time, labor, and chemicals.
This method removes oil, grease, wax, and other wastes from the fabric. If the cloth is treated with alkali, the mentioned waste is removed. As a result, the absorbency capacity of the fabric increases a lot. The fabric is naturally clean and the fabric is suitable for subsequent processes.
In this method, the natural color matter is destroyed from textile products. As a result, the fabric is permanently white. The absorbency capacity of the fabric is increased and which is useful for subsequent dyeing and printing processes.
In this method, the alkali-treated cloth is soothed with acid. For this dilute hydrochloric acid or sulfuric acid is used.
Usually, after every wet process, the clothes are washed with cold or hot water or both types of water. Soap solution is also used from time to time.
A wet cloth is dried in the drying machine.
In this process, cotton yarn or cloth is passed through the caustic soda solution at room temperature under tight tension. As a result, many fabrics/yarns are endowed with special qualities. One of them is to increase the beauty and increase strength.
This method is used to dye clothes. Cotton fabrics can be dyed in different shades with different dyes. Different colors are used in different fabrics according to the nature of the fiber.
After the dyeing is done with the help of various chemicals so that the dye stays on the fabric.
Printing is the process of reflecting the color on the fabric according to the particular design. In this method, colorful designs are made on the fabric to make it very attractive.
Fixing is the process of fixing the color of the printed fabric according to the design with the help of heat (steam) at different temperatures.
Finishing is done on dyed or printed cloth for various purposes. Finishing can be chemical or mechanical or both. Finishing usually enhances the beauty of the fabric and makes the fabric more usable.
Folding / Rolling:
In this method, the fabric is folded as per the requirement, or rolls are made, which is very necessary for marketing.
In this method, the fabric is packed to protect it from outside dust, dirt, etc., and for the convenience of transportation.
Bells are made to facilitate the transportation of packed fabrics by weight or length.