In the cutting section, has to take The preparation of fabric before cutting. To cut the cloth according to the pattern on the cutting table, the cloth is spread evenly on the table in the right size.
The cloth is spread in such a way that there are no folds in the middle of the cloth. The edges of each layer of fabric should be even and care should be taken that the fabric is not biased. You also need to keep an eye on the stripe or check fabric design. If the clothes are messy in the bed then the clothes can be wasted. After properly laying the cloth bed, marker paper is placed on it and the cloth (on both sides of the table) is fastened by clips on both sides.
A number of conditions or technical aspects must be met in order to make the fabric layout properly and beautifully.
The terms are discussed below
Table of Contents
1. The preparation of fabric before cutting-Alignment of fabric ply:
(Basic condition) The fabric bed is made according to the length and width of the marker Each ply of the fabric must be controlled to ensure that it is properly placed within the length and width of the marker when creating a fabric layout. Otherwise, some of the patterned pieces of the plywood that will be on the bed outside the specified size of the length or width of the marker will be cut defective. To prevent this from happening, at least one side selvage along the width of each ply cloth is placed and controlled in the same length. Sometimes the space between the widths of the cloth is placed and controlled in the same length. The length of each ply along the length of the marker is 2 cm per head rather than the length of the marker to ensure the correct length of the bed. More is taken.
2. The preparation of fabric before cutting-Correct ply tension:
(Basic condition) Clothes also go to bed with hands and also go to bed with the help of a machine. No matter which way the fabric is hung on the bed, it must be spread in a tensionless manner and the same tension-free condition must be controlled in each ply cloth. When laying clothes, care must be taken not to make the bed too loose as the layout of the cloth will be defective, the cutting of the cloth will be inconvenient and the patterns will also be defective.
If there is too much tension in the bed during the bed, the different parts of the garment may shrink after cutting or sewing, which will cause the garment to become defective. That’s why it’s time to make clothes. The tension of the cloth has to be controlled very carefully and evenly.
There are some fabrics in which the underlying tension exists, which can be acquired during fabric making or finishing, or railing. Before making all these clothes, you have to get rid of the tension. Some fabrics such as knitted fabrics or fabrics that have elastic yarn can easily lengthen. Special care is also taken while making all the clothes in bed.
The fabric is cut 12 to 24 hours after the fabric is made so that the fabric can return to its normal state within that time. Clothes
Modern spreading machines can be used to alleviate this tension problem of the fabric while laying. If a spreading machine is used, there are some more ancillary benefits.
3. Every ply will be plane:
(Basic condition) While making the bed, care must be taken so that there are no folds anywhere in the cloth or the cloth does not wrinkle anywhere. If it is found, necessary measures should be taken to remove it immediately. If the fabric is not in the flat position during the bed. the mentioned defect exists, then the pattern of that part will be defective, as a result of which the garment made by that pattern will also be defective.
4. Remove the fabric fault:
If there is any defect in the fabric during bedding, it should be identified and necessary steps should be taken to rectify the defect. If there is any defect in the bedding, various measures can be taken to rectify it. For example, the defective area can be cut off and the cloth can be re-laid through the splice. In the marker
If the splice mark has already been made, it should be followed or adequate overlapping should be arranged so that all the patterns in that space are available in full size.
5. Fired of direction the fabric ply:
The preparation of fabric before cutting. Cutting table cloth before bed to see what kind of fabric. If the fabric is the same (Symmetric) on both sides, then there will be no problem. But if the fabric is asymmetric on both sides, the direction of the fabric ply should be carefully determined based on the marker’s plan, otherwise, the fabric may be defective. The face of each ply of the fabric can be made upwards or downwards or face to face while making the fabric layer.
6. Remove the Static Electricity:
Friction can cause static electricity in the fabric during laying. Especially those fabrics which have more amount of synthetic fiber, more static electricity is generated in the fabrics during those bedding. As a result, it is very difficult to place another ply on one ply of the cloth. the ply of the cloth cannot be properly laid on the bed and replaced due to attraction or repulsion. To overcome this problem the fabric can be arranged to have less friction or the air humidity in the room can be increased or earthling can be arranged with the fabric layer.
7. Avoidance of distortion in the spread:
The preparation of fabric before cutting. The shape of the cut cloth bundle depends on the height of the fabric layer. Separation marks between plywood may need to be used for bedding due to differences in color or shade or for any other reason. For this separation, a layer of low-cost colored paper is used in the fabric ply. The use of colored paper is very helpful in separating each bundle after cutting due to color or color differences. In addition, in the case of slippery fabrics, the colored paper also helps to hold the fabric tightly. The colored paper used for this purpose usually has a rough surface.
8. Control melting of fabric cutting of fabric lay:
Friction between the cloth and the knife during cutting with a cloth cutting knife causes heat to build up. Fabrics that contain thermoplastic fibers melt as a result of heat. As a result, the molten substances come together to form a polymer granule and the spindle ends stick together. As a result, it is very difficult to separate the patterns and creates defective patterns. In order to avoid such problems, an anti-fusion paper ply is placed on the bed between the fabric ply while making the fabric layer. Anti-fusion paper contains lubricants, which lubricate the cutting knife when cutting fabrics. As a result, the friction and frictional heat between the cloth and the knife is reduced, and the possibility of the fuse of the cloth due to low heat is also reduced.
9. Avoidance of distortion in the spread:
When transferring cloth to a cloth or cutting cloth with a straight knife, the ply of the cloth may become wrinkled or folded due to friction with the base plate of the knife towards the bottom of the cloth. The fabric is made on smooth paper to avoid inconvenience. In addition, the use of smooth paper does not cause the surface of the cloth to become uneven due to the friction of the table with the cloth.
10. Matching checks or stripes:
When making a layout of fabric by spreading the cloth, care should be taken so that if there is a stripe or check on the fabric while lying on one-ply or another, it should be matched. It should also be matched when planning the marker in the interest of stripe or check matching in the dress. This matching fabric may need to be pulled and read on both sides.