Procedures for resolving industrial disputes:
The way to resolve industrial disputes can be divided into two main parts. E.g.
A) Without voluntary or government intervention.
B) Through compulsory or government intervention.
A) Procedures for resolving industrial disputes-Without voluntary or government intervention:
1. Joint bargaining and agreements:
In this way, to settle the dispute, the representatives of the workers ‘side submit their demands and grievances to the representatives of the employers’ side for direct discussion. Then the representatives of both the parties sit together at the same table and discuss issues of mutual interest to reach an understanding. https://bdfabric.com/causes-of-industrial-dispute/
2. Compromise and treaty:
In this way, the representatives of the workers ‘and employers’ meetings meet more than once without the intervention of any third party to come up with a solution to the industrial dispute. And peacefully reconcile their differences. https://bdfabric.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-employee-merit-rating/
In this way, both parties seek the help of a neutral third party to resolve the dispute. This third party is the chairman of the meeting. Through detailed discussions, he tried to resolve the conflict between the opposing parties in a peaceful atmosphere.
In this way, the two opposing parties agree to accept the mediation of the third party. Arbitration is the process of resolving disputes between parties to a dispute through the intervention of a third party. Since both parties agree to accept the decision of the arbitrator, it becomes the moral obligation of both parties to abide by his decision.
B) Through compulsory or government intervention:
1. Compulsory bilateral committee:
In this way, the government directs the formation of a bilateral committee consisting of representatives of employers and workers to resolve industrial disputes. This committee is empowered to resolve disputes between employers and workers.
2. Compulsory arbitration:
If the above procedures fail, the government appoints an arbitrator to resolve the dispute. He hears the grievances of the opposing parties and gives a proper decision after investigating the reasons.
3. Compulsory investigation:
The compulsory investigation is another way to resolve disputes against the industry, either compulsorily or by the government. The government forms a commission of inquiry by one or more persons to investigate and resolve the cause of industrial conflict. The commission then submitted a written report to the government based on the investigation. The government took effective action as per the recommendations of the report.
4. Judicial inquiry:
When industrial conflicts escalate, the government intervenes to prevent the situation from escalating. To deal with such an urgent and complex situation, the government arranges a judicial inquiry with one or more judges of the court. Based on their investigation, and report, the court or the government takes appropriate action.
5. Labor court:
This is the highest stage of industrial settlement. This court consists of a president and two advisers. Suppose the parties to the dispute do not reach an amicable settlement within 21 days of the offer of settlement by the Consultant in settlement of the industrial dispute. In that case, the Consultant issues a certificate of failure to both parties within three days of the passing of this time.