History of textile printing:
Although the exact history of the beginning of printing in the textile industry cannot be ascertained, it is safe to say that the first printing work was started in East India and China. Because Indians and Chinese were the first to dig wooden blocks and start printing clothes. At this time the molten wax was dried on a cloth with a wooden block. The cloth was then dipped in blue or red color. This method was called the Resist method, madder was then used as red and Indigo as blue. https://bdfabric.com/cotton-dyeing-by-reactive-dye-semi-continuous-method/
In those ancient times, Indian cotton cloth was filled with imprints of plants, animals, flowers, fruits, birds, etc. Stencil is an ancient printing method. In this method also cloth was printed. Silk and velvet fabrics were painted with a sticky substance and gold or silver powder was spread there to print the fabric. The tie-dye method was also in vogue then.
Towards the end of the seventeenth century, the journey of roller printing began with hand-carved wooden rollers. After the Mill engraving method was invented this printing method became simpler and more perfect. Later, an 8 to 12 color roller printing system was invented.
The screen printing method was invented in the late eighteenth century, many years after block printing and a few years after roller printing. However, since this method was troublesome, it was not profitable for commercial production. Subsequently, the use of this method gradually increased with the creation of better screens and the use of rubber squeegees. At present, due to the extensive technical and mechanical development of this method, its use is being expanded. In addition, there are many new ways of printing clothes.
The word textile printing means to create a colorful design by color on any textile fabric.
In the case of dyeing, all the fabrics are dipped in the dye solution and dyed in the same color. And in the case of printing, the space on the fabric is specially dyed by the color. Many colors can be used here. Printing is the process of reflecting the space on the fabric, especially the different colors.
That is to say, printing is a process by which a certain color effect can be created in a specific place on a particular piece of fabric by dyestuff and chemicals according to a specific design.
For printing, a high-density color solution (paste) is usually used, which stays on the surface of the cloth for a short time and dries quickly. The dye is then applied to the inside of the fabric using heat and steam and the rest of the paste is removed by washing. Printing is usually done by printing machines or methods like blocks, screens, rollers, etc. The following programs are to be adopted for the printing of ordinary cloth. E.g.
1. Preparation of the fabric for printing
2. Preparation of the printing paste
3. Making an impression of the paste on the fabric
4. Drying the printed fabric
5. Steaming the printed fabric
These activities largely depend on the type of fabric used (cotton, silk or synthetic, etc.), the color used (naphthalene, reactive, vat, disperse, pigment, etc.), and the printing method.