Different working parts of the combing machine:
The combing machine is divided into the following different regions
1. Creel or feed region
2. Combing region
3. Delivery region
4. Doubling region
5. Drafting region
Table of Contents
1. Creel or feed region:
Sliver lap or mini lap is installed in this area, which is slowly being fed into the machine. The creel area has the following components. https://bdfabric.com/working-process-of-ribbon-lap-machine/
(A) Lap roller
(B) Feed Roller
(C) Feed plate
(D) Gripper or nipper plate
(A) Lap roller:
The lap rests on the lap roller, the lap roller feeds the lap slowly. The lap rollers are made of embossed wood so that the lap is easily gripped on the rollers. https://bdfabric.com/the-parameter-influencing-the-combing-operation/
(B) Feed roller:
The feed roller assists the lap feed inside the main machine of the lap. The feed roller rests on the feed plate.
(C) Feed plate:
Below the feed roller is the feed plate. The mini lap is fed slowly over the feed plate and holds the lap with the help of the gripper.
(D) Gripper or nipper plate:
The gripper and nipper plate hold the lap alternately to comb the mini lap on the combing machine. As a result, the combs are scratched and carried to the front.
2. Different working parts of the combing machine-Combing region:
The main combing work of the machine is done in this area. The combing area has the following components.
(B) Top comb
The cylinder is the main part of the combing machine. About one-third of it is needle-mounted and the other two-thirds is covered with smooth steel. Needles are used to scrape off the lower part of the lap by scraping the scales, knapsacks, and wastes more than the specified length. Tiny fibers, waste, etc. are deposited in the noil box in the shape of noils with the help of a brush placed on the back of the cylinder.
(B) Top comb:
The top comb is hung by a row of needles. It scratches the fibers in the upper part of the lap from time to time and removes the noil.
3. Combing machine-Delivery region:
Combing in this part brings together the larger fibers and delivers in the form of a sliver.
The delivery area has the following components.
(A) Detaching or attaching roller
(C) Delivery plate
(A) Detaching or attaching roller:
The detaching roller delivers the layers of fiber to the front by attaching the fibers to the screw on both sides.
(B) Delivery roller:
The fibers delivered through the detaching roller are pulled by the delivery roller and the sliver falls on the doubling plate.
(C) Delivery plate:
The slivers move forward through this plate.
4. Doubling region:
In the doubling zone, 3 or 4 slivers are doubled together to form 1 sliver. The slivers fall from the delivery plate to the doubling plate at an angle of 900 and proceed forward through the doubling plate towards the drafting area.
5. Drafting region:
The assembled slivers enter the drafting area and with the help of the conventional two-over-two or three-over-three drafting method, the single length of the sliver is reduced by making 1 sliver and the produced sliver is deposited in the sliver can.