Contrast of color its definition and classification:
Table of Contents
Definition of contrast of color:
Contrast means mismatch. When two contrasting colors are used side by side in a design, neither of the colors will have a consistent tone on the eye’s screen. Because of this, each color is affected by the surrounding color. So the comparative difference between different tones of the same or different colors is called contrast of color. If red and blue colors coexist in a fabric design. But red is seen as orange and blue as greenish blue. A color opposite to a color on the chromatic circle is called a contrast of colors. https://bdfabric.com/color-harmony-definition-and-its-classification/
Classification of contrast of color:
There are two types of contrast of color i.e.
1. Monochromatic contrast.
2. Polychromatic contrast.
1. Monochromatic contrast:
The contrast obtained by mixing different tones of the same color together is called monochromatic contrast. For example, the color effect is produced by mixing two shades of red or three tints of blue. https://bdfabric.com/importance-and-classification-of-textile-design/
There are two types of monochromatic contrast i.e.
(a) Successive monochromatic contrast.
(b) Simultaneous monochromatic contrast.
(a) Successive monochromatic contrast:
In this contrast, the color tones are arranged in such a way that one becomes visible and then the other disappears i.e. they do not appear at the same time. This is called successive monochromatic contrast.
(b) Simultaneous monochromatic contrast:
In this contrast, tones of the same color are placed in such a way that they are visible at the same time, this type of contrast is called simultaneous monochromatic contrast.
2. Polychromatic contrast:
Contrast of color its definition and classification. The contrast created by mixing two or more colors with the same or different tones is called polychromatic contrast. For example, colors produced by the combination of light blue and light green or light green and dark blue are examples of polychromatic contrast.
There are two types of polychromatic contrast i.e.
(a) Polychromatic contrast of hue.
(b) Polychromatic contrast of tone.
(a) Polychromatic contrast of hue:
If a color is influenced by its surrounding color i.e. if two colors are placed side by side, if color is influenced by its surrounding color and creates a different hue, it is called polychromatic contrast of hue. For example, two stripes of blue and red color are on the same fabric, but under the influence of blue, the red color gives a yellow tint. And for dark reds, the blue color produces a bluish-green hue.
(b) Polychromatic contrast of tone:
If a tone of the same color is affected by its neighboring color, i.e. if two tones of the same color are placed side by side in the same fabric, the darker shade appears darker under the influence of the lighter shade and the lighter shade appears lighter under the influence of the darker shade. For example, if a fabric has dark blue and light blue stripes side by side, the dark blue appears darker and the light blue appears lighter for polychromatic contrast of tone.