Clothing components Interlining Sewing thread are given below:
Clothing components Interlining Sewing thread:
1. Interlining: Interlining can have many qualities and its quality depends on the type of intermediate fibers, the structure of the fabric, the thickness of the interlining, the degree of stretching, and what kind of finishing is done in it. Its quality is also related to how well the interlining is done with the original fabric of the garment.
2. Sewing thread: The quality of the garment also depends on the type of sewing thread used to make the garment. Sewing Yarn Construction The types of fibers in the yarn and the finishing material used in the yarn affect the appearance and quality of the seam. Certain types of yarn have to be used for certain fabrics.
Here are the things to look for when selecting a good yarn
(A) Tensile strength: The amount of energy required to pull the sewing thread is called tensile strength. It is usually expressed in grams, kilograms, or pounds. There may be slight differences in tensile strength over temperature, water vapor, and yarn length.
(B) Tenacity: Tenacity is obtained by dividing the yarn’s tensile strength by the yarn’s count or thickness. The tensile strength of the yarn depends on the yarn count. In other words, the thinner the yarn, the higher the tensile strength. The strength of its single thickness is indicated by the tenacity of the yarn.
(C) Loop strength: Determining the loop breaking strength by making another yarn loop through one yarn loop and having the same length of both loops is called loop strength.
(D) Loop strength ratio: The ratio of the loop strength of yarn to the strength of a yarn is called the loop strength ratio. The maximum value of the ratio can be 2.
(E) Minimum loop strength: The strength of the weakest loop in a series of loops is called minimum loop strength. The minimum loop strength is used to determine the yarn performance of a seam’s continuous stitch.
(F) Elongation at break: When force is applied on the yarn, the length of the yarn extends beyond its original length, it is called elongation at break. It is usually expressed in percentages. This is very important for seam expansion.
(G) stress/strain curve: The curve obtained by drawing the elongation against the increasing tension on the yarn is called the stretch/strain curve. One type of yarn is one type of curve.
(H) Elasticity: When the yarn is pulled, it becomes longer and when released, it returns to its original length, it is called elasticity. When something is pulled again, it becomes longer but when released, it does not return to its original length, it is called plastic.
(I) Shrinkage: The shrinkage of yarn when it is washed by heat or water is called shrinkage. It is expressed as a percentage. When sewing yarn is compressible it creates a seam packer.
(J) Abrasion resistance: The abrasion resistance of sewing yarn is very important in verifying its sewing efficiency. The abrasion resistance of one yarn with another is considered in this case.
(K) Colorfastness: The color of the sewing thread and the shade chosen are expected to remain unchanged till the normal use of the garment. Fast color means that the color will not rise or burn in the heat of washing or the sun, or the yarn along the sewing line will not dye the fabric.
Quality review of trimmings
Quality of trimmings: Trimmings that are used in the manufacture of garments other than the original fabric are divided into two main parts to facilitate quality determination.
(a) Textile material
(b) Non-textile material
Before making any particular type of garment, the original fabric and trimming of the garment should be selected very carefully so that the quality of the garment or the trimming does not deteriorate during the making of the garment. Below is the emphasis on quality
(A) The lifetime: The desired use time of a garment and the use of trimming between that garment should be contemporary. Otherwise, the garment may be canceled before the desired use period. Trimming can be damaged due to heat, especially during dressing or pressing.
(B) Shrinkage: If the trimming shrinks due to heat or any other reason, the garment’s beauty and quality may be disturbed. For example, if the sewing thread is compressed for any reason, a seam packer will be created, which will disrupt both the center and the quality of the fabric. Therefore, before making the garment, it is necessary to check the compressibility of the fabric and trimming of the garment.
(C) Colorfastness: Color of the fabric and trimming of the garment so that it does not burn or rise due to friction or heat. Special attention is paid to the durability of the color as the beauty and quality of the garment may be disturbed if the color is damaged during the making or use of the garment.
(D) Rust: Among the textile trimming, metal trimming such as the bottom, zipper, etc. may be damaged by rust and rust stains may appear on the fabric of the garment. To avoid such problems, metals that do not rust trimming are made of metal or trimming of nickel plates.
(E) Comfortability: The trimming that will be used in the garment should be done so that it does not cause any discomfort or inconvenience during the provision of the garment or it does not cause any kind of skin rage.