Causes of industrial dispute:
The reasons why is industrial disputes organized are discussed below:
A) Economic reasons
B) Psychological reasons
C) Political reasons
D) Other reasons
Table of Contents
A) Economic reasons:
The economic causes of labor disputes are discussed below:
1. Demand for the increase in wages and allowances:
Dissatisfaction develops when workers feel that their current wages or allowances are inadequate. This is why most of the protests in the industry are organized. https://bdfabric.com/industrial-dispute-definition-and-elements/
2. Job security:
Employees are always concerned about job security. It has to do with the stability of their jobs. People want their source of livelihood to be safe at all times. To prevent dismissal, layoffs, etc. on the will and reluctance of the management, the employees come together and engage in disputes as required. https://bdfabric.com/advantages-and-disadvantages-of-employee-merit-rating/
3. Benefit and profit sharing claim:
Some industries pay bonuses to employees and workers at various festivals and a certain portion of dividends as bonuses. Following these precedents, all the other organizations filed lawsuits against the owner in the name of the festival and profit margin. If this demand is ignored, dissatisfaction arises among the workers.
4. Allowance for extra work claims:
There are rules for paying workers for overtime work. If they refuse to pay the money or if the money given is not appropriate, they move to increase it.
5. Expensive allowance and marginal benefits:
It is not possible for any government in our country to control the madness of commodity prices. The lives of workers of fixed income are endangered by the crushing of commodity prices. Therefore, the workers demanded an increase in expensive allowances and marginal benefits.
B) Causes of industrial dispute-Psychological reasons:
The current employer-worker conflict has become somewhat psychological. Psychological problems are discussed below:
1. Communication barriers:
Lack of good communication is the biggest problem in the relationship between management and trade unions. Workers are often unknown of their job security. Communication barriers are one of the main causes of industrial conflict.
Individuals or groups execute their intentional behavior through perception. People’s perception is manifested in their behavior and actions. Misconceptions can lead to misconceptions about a subject or object. As a result, the workers and the management failed to give a proper solution to the problem and there was a conflict in the industry.
3. Failure to meet psychological deficiency:
Employees expect to make up for their needs through work. These deficiencies are of biological, social, and psychological nature. The management of our industries is not skilled and experienced enough to explain the lack of staff, attitude, skills, etc. For this reason, one side does not want to understand the other side. As a result, workers’ dissatisfaction is evident.
4. Impact of regionalism:
The impact of regionalism is very evident in our industrial areas. This regionalism is one of the reasons for the conflict among the workers.
C) Causes of industrial dispute-Political reasons:
The political environment in the country also affects the industries. The political factors that undermine industrial peace are discussed below:
1. Trade union approval demands:
Workers contribute to trade unions to protect their economic, social, and political interests. Workers’ dissatisfaction arose when the authorities refused to approve the union.
2. Sympathetic reasons:
Employees of one organization often go on strike to show support and sympathy for the demands of employees of another organization.
D) Other reasons:
Among the other factors are the following:
1. Healthy environment claims:
In order to maintain a healthy environment in the factory, air and water must be protected from pollution. When there is no health program in the organization, there is a conflict between management and workers.
2. Occupational safety:
For the professional safety of the workers, the machine should be kept with proper fencing to reduce the number of accidents. In this regard, the factory law was not fully complied with and there was industrial conflict.
3. Labor services claims:
Authorities will provide education, health care, rehabilitation, etc. for the workers, they hope. In the absence of this facility, enmity takes into their minds.
4. Breach of contract:
Employees are dissatisfied when the authorities break the agreement that is signed based on mutual understanding with the management, which takes the form of industrial antagonism.
5. Policy inequality:
Adopting discriminatory policies regarding promotion, transfer, training, etc. of the workers leads to industrial conflict.