Bundling and baling process in textile spinning:
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After reeling the yarn, Hank needs to bundle the yarn. The yarn occupies a lot of space in the hollow or exposed state. The smaller the size for transportation in the country and export, the lower the cost of transportation. https://bdfabric.com/description-and-types-of-reeling-process/
Definition of bundling & baling:
Bundling is the process of collecting a certain amount of yarn from the reels and bringing them to a certain volume by pressure. The shape of the bundle usually weighs 10 pounds.
Baling is the process of tying yarn hanks or bundles with the help of steam or hydraulic press for the convenience of export or transportation. https://bdfabric.com/factors-affecting-winding-quality-and-production/
The necessity of bundling and baling:
Bundling and bailing have the following requirements.
1. The size of the yarn is cut by bundling and baling.
2. Bundling is done to facilitate transportation within the country.
3. Bundling or bailing is done to facilitate export abroad.
4. Transportation costs are lower for a smaller size.
5. There are handling advantages.
6. It takes less space to store.
Bundling & baling process:
Bundling and baling process in textile spinning-Bundling process:
The yarn hangs are collected from the reel and trimmed with pressure. As such, the small yarns are machine-made into bundles. Usually, a bundle press is needed to create bundles. His description is given below. https://bdfabric.com/advantages-of-yarn-conditioning/
The upper part of the bundling press is made up of rows of bars which are placed on the table in two sets. The bars are placed on top of the bundle in such a way that it is possible to tie a rope or something like a rope between the two bars. First, the rope is placed on the table and then the packing paper is placed. This was followed by the first placement of a 10-pound yarn hang. Then the packing paper is placed on the yarn again. Now the machine is turned on.
The driving pulley drives a pair of cams with powerful gears. This cam pushes the moving base upwards, on which the hanks are placed. Since strong bars are attached, the binding around the yarn forms a bundle like a yarn box. As well as the bars of the opposite set coming down through pressure, a strong top i.e. top surface is also formed. At one stage the machine shuts down automatically and the pressure on both the top and bottom results in the formation of a very short bundle.
Finally, the bundle ropes are tied by hand, and when the machine is restarted by hand, the top goes up and the bottom down, creating a gap between the bundles so that the bundle can be easily removed from the machine. This machine is operated by hand and with electric power. It can produce 180 10-pound bundles daily.
Bundling and baling process in textile spinning-Baling process:
After folding the yarn or cloth in the form of a hank, it is bailed for export. This method is the last work of the finishing department. These bails are fastened with steam or hydraulic presses for ease of export or transportation. The baling work is done in different ways for the following reasons.
1. Depending on the size, shape, etc. of the binding material.
2. Transportation distance
1. Depending on the size, shape, etc. of the binding material:
Raw materials can be of different types. For example, folded garments, yarn, various fabrics, or garments. It is important to keep in mind what kind of goods will be sent where. Normally readymade garments are never bailed. The finished garments are folded and kept in polybags according to the number in cartons which are then kept in containers for export. However, raw jute, cotton, etc. are bailed for export. Sometimes yarn and lose fabrics in the form of hank are also bailed for export purposes.
2. Transportation distance:
Balings are usually made very strict for export so that the bale cannot be opened in the middle. Moreover, the more goods you can carry in the bale, the lower the transportation cost will be. The more goods contained in containers for export, the greater will be the profit of the buyer or manufacturer. Therefore, goods under tight pressure and carefully tied are accepted for export purposes. Even you don’t bail very carefully for nearby transport.
Depending on the distance the bale is usually bound by steam pressure or hydraulic press for export purposes. The bale is tied after applying very high pressure and shrinking the layer in the arrangement of the product.