Block printing process in textile

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Block printing process in textile:


According to historians, block printing was first introduced in India and China. Many countries in the world, including the subcontinent, still have block printing of cloth. Nowadays, it is easy to make blocks with the help of various modern methods, but the principle of block printing is still the same as before.

Early block printing was much like the rubber stamp used in official work. Where printing artists engraved various images and designs on the wood of various shapes according to their artistic preferences, the surface was covered with printing paste and the fabric was filled by stamping one by one on the uniformly prepared cloth. Different wood blocks can be dipped in a different paste to reflect different colors and designs on the same fabric. This increases the excellence of the use of cloth.

There are 2 printing processes in block printing:

Hand block printing

Machine block printing

Block printing process in textile-Hand block printing:

This type of printing method is usually used for bed sheets, table cloths, and saris. The part of the design that needs to be painted on the cloth should be placed high on the wooden block and the rest should be thrown away. Applying the printing paste on the color tray to the block and pressing it on the cloth, the specific design will appear on the cloth.

Block printing requires a very strong table 6 to 30 feet long and 3 to 4 feet wide. It is best made of cement or stone. The surface of the table is covered with a few layers of blankets, then covered with a gray or waterproof cloth, or the cloth is to be printed. . And the design is not flawed. To print multiple color designs on the same fabric, separate blocks are required for each color. After finishing the work of the specific block for each color, the work of the second block starts. Calico printing is the process of making such an impression on plain cloth.

Hand Block Printing Process

All kinds of colors can be used for block printing by making printing paste. However, in this case, rapid fast, and rapid colors are used more. Since such colors are ripe when left in the air. Moreover, it contains the use of pigments. However, care must be taken to ensure that the printing does not spread beyond the design.

(B) Machine block printing:

Machine block printing is similar to hand block printing. However, all the work is done automatically with the help of machines. Blocks are made of wood so the blocks are likely to break down quickly. It is not possible to print more than three colors at a time. However, printing is very fast. This machine is not in circulation at present. This printing machine is also called the Perrotine press machine.

Advantages and disadvantages of block printing:

Block printing has both advantages and disadvantages. The advantages and disadvantages are described below:

Block printing process in textile-Advantages:

1. Printing can be done in a very simple way. No expensive equipment is required.

2. Designs of any size can be made.

3. Beautiful designs are available.

4. Color can be used as desired.


1. Very slow completion means less production and higher production costs.

2. The outline of the design does not have sharpness.

3. Blotch designs are very difficult to print.

4. It is very difficult to repeat the design.

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