Basic textile design for woven cloth:
Table of Contents
Basic textile design:
Designs in which there is interlacement between the warp and weft yarns of the repeat and at least one warp and weft float and brace are maximum, all those designs are called Basic textile designs. Generally, the number of warp yarns and the number of weft yarns per repeat are equal in basic textile designs. No matter how complex the designs are in the field of textiles, they are necessarily the result of a mixture of basic textile designs. https://bdfabric.com/rules-for-determining-warp-and-weft-yarn/
Basic textile design for woven cloth-Different basic textile designs for woven cloth:
There are three basic textile designs commonly found in woven design.
1. Plain weave design.
3. Satin weave design.
Description of various basic weave designs:
1. Basic textile design for woven cloth-Plain weave design:
The simplest weave or design is the plain design. A plain weave can be made by alternately raising and lowering even and odd numbers of yarns in any number of warp yarns. The yarns in this weave participate in alternating braces except one. The first warp yarn crosses over the first weft yarn and the second warp yarn crosses over the first weft yarn and the second weft yarn to form a plain design. https://bdfabric.com/fabric-analysis-purposes-necessity-and-factors/
The smallest warp and weft yarns are required for this design. That is, a repeat is formed by interlacing two warp yarns and two weft yarns. The smallest number of plain weaves is 2 x 2. Plain weaves are used more than all other weaves. After weaving the fabric by plain weave, the same effect is seen on both sides. When the fabric is very thick, skip drafts are made in 4 or 6 passes.
2. Twill weave design:
Twill weave is a weave in which there are even or uneven numbers of diagonal lines warp and weft yarn on the surface of the cloth. The biggest feature of twill weave is the diagonal lines seen on the fabric. The warp yarns of the twill weave participate in the brace in such a way that the warp point of each warp yarn is moved up or down one unit relative to the warp point of the previous warp yarn, creating an A-twill line. This twill line appears on both sides of the fabric. It usually progresses from right to left or left to right. On the surface of the produced fabric, the part that is warp and weft yarn will be the opposite on the back side of the fabric. Twill weave fabrics are generally heavier. Fabrics made with such designs are mostly used in suiting, pants, etc.
3. Satin weave design:
Satin is the third main weave of woven fabrics. The main feature of this weave is that the surface of the fabric is very smooth and shiny. The warp yarn of the repeat is binding in only 1 part and the other part is floating. As a result, part of the binding is covered by the surrounding yarns. So the fabric looks very shiny and smooth. Usually, a line like a twill line is seen in a satin weave. Generally, satin weave does not show any lines like twill lines, it is a very loose type of fabric. This design is also used for binding large loose yarns in Jacquard designs.